Of the health system and mental disorders – Jammu Kashmir Latest News | Tourism

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Dr. Gyan Pathak
In the WHO’s largest global review to date, almost one in eight people have a mental disorder, while the ratio is one in seven for teenagers. Common conditions, such as depression and anxiety, even increased by more than 25% in the first year of the COVID-19 crisis in 2020. The most vulnerable age group is 15- 19 years old, who suffers from all kinds of mental disorders, which is a matter of great concern. The frightening data even prompted a warning from the WHO which urged countries to deal with the worsening condition in a context where the majority of patients have no access to any help or treatment.
Data from the World Mental Health Report shows that 13% of the world’s population suffers from mental disorders. Women with 13.5% suffer more than men with 12.5%. Anxiety disorders are the most common (4%), followed by depressive disorders (3.8%), developmental (idiopathic) disorders (1.5%) and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder 1.1% . All other mental disorders are less than 1%.
Females need more attention than males. While 3% of men suffer from depressive disorders, this figure is 50% higher among women, at 4.5%. Anxiety disorder is even worse in women, at 5%, compared to 3% in men.
Mental disorders are even found in 3% of children under five. Anxiety disorders are present in 0.1% of them, autism spectrum disorders in 0.5%, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder 0.2% and developmental disorders (idiopathic) in 2.2%. No other mental disorders were reported in this group of children.
Between the ages of 5 and 9, depressive disorders begin at a very low level of 0.1%. All other mental disorders found in the younger age group worsen and the overall percentage of patients more than doubles to 7.6%. Anxiety disorder increases sharply from 0.1 to 1.5% and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder from 0.2 to 2.4%. Conduct disorders are noticed significantly at 1.1% for the first time, which was absent in early life.
Mental disorders worsen further in the next age group of 10-14 years and exceed the average prevalence of 13% to an increased level of 13.5%. It also remains above average in all subsequent age groups. Bipolar disorder and eating disorders, which are absent at an earlier age, are found for the first time in this age group. Anxiety disorders even more than double to 3.6% compared to the previous age group, while conduct disorders worsen the most, rising from 1.1 to 3.6%.
In the next age group of 15 to 19 years, we find all kinds of mental disorders, which increase from 13.5 in the previous age group to 14.7%. Most alarming is the entry of schizophrenia into the age group, and anxiety disorders rise sharply from 3.6 to 4.6%, and depressive disorders from 1.1 to 2.8%. However, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder fell from 3.1 to 2.4% and conduct disorder from 3.6 to 2.1%. Schizophrenia is introduced in this age group increases with older age groups until age 49, then remains stagnant at 0.5% until age 69 and then declines to 0 .2% over 70 years old.
The 20-24 age group is a little less turbulent with regard to mental disorders, which fall to 14.1%, but rise sharply to 14.9% during the 25-49 age group, and remain high at a level slightly below 14.7 for 50-69 years. Among people over the age of 70, mental disorders fell significantly to 13.1%, but above the average of 13% for the general population. Conduct disorder disappears completely after 20 years and never reappears in life. Depressive disorders increase sharply between the ages of 20 and 24 to reach 4% compared to 2.8 in the previous age group, while attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder decreases from 2.4 to 1.7%.
Most of the people with mental disorders are the people in the age group of 25 to 49 years in which its prevalence is 14.9%. A sharp increase in depressive disorders is observed in this age group at 4.8% against 4 in the first. It increases further to 5.8% up to age 69 and declines slightly to 5.4% beyond age 70. There is a slight reduction in eating disorders, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and developmental (idiopathic) disorders in this age group.
Eating disorders, which were not found in people under 10, now completely disappear in people over 50. in the previous group, and the anxiety decreases a little.
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder disappears entirely in people over 70 years of age. All other conditions of mental disorder witnesses are decreasing, but the overall percentage remains a little higher at 13.1% compared to 13%. Depressive disorders, however, remain higher at 5.4% compared to an average of 3.8% for all age groups.
In this context, we need to transform our attitudes, actions and approaches to deal with the situation, as WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus rightly said. There is a compelling case for change since everyone’s life touches someone with a mental health issue. The government must significantly increase investments and present comprehensive plans. (API)

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